Verb · A primitive root

A primitive root; properly, to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e. guard; generally, to protect, attend to, etc.:—beward, be circumspect, take heed (to self), keep(-er, self), mark, look narrowly, observe, preserve, regard, reserve, save (self), sure, (that lay) wait (for), watch(-man).


  1. to keep, guard, observe, give heed
    1. (Qal)
      1. to keep, have charge of
      2. to keep, guard, keep watch and ward, protect, save life
        1. watch, watchman (participle)
      3. to watch for, wait for
      4. to watch, observe
      5. to keep, retain, treasure up (in memory)
      6. to keep (within bounds), restrain
      7. to observe, celebrate, keep (sabbath or covenant or commands), perform (vow)
      8. to keep, preserve, protect
      9. to keep, reserve
    2. (Niphal)
      1. to be on one's guard, take heed, take care, beware
      2. to keep oneself, refrain, abstain
      3. to be kept, be guarded
    3. (Piel) to keep, pay heed
    4. (Hithpael) to keep oneself from

Usages (1/9)